The Building Blocks of the Universe | Elementary Particles Explained (1/2)

The Building Blocks of the Universe | Elementary Particles Explained (1/2)


Have you ever thought what you actually are? What are you made of? I mean you probably remember from school that whatever you look into you will find atoms! At the very least an electron – an elementary particle, and a nucleus that holds protons and neutrons bond together But what are those made of? What if you had a box and you could remove every matter inside? Is the box going to be truly empty? [Intro] Well if you were to put some kind of energy into the box, you will understand that you could actually create stuff But why? Well, because it consists of what physicists call fields! By exciting the electromagnetic field a photon is born – – a particle that carries radiation or what we perceive as light! All together 17 particles could be produced that way They can be divided into three groups The leptons – such as the electron and the less known muon and tau particles; The quarks – six particles that are always found in groups and create the nucleus of an atom; And probably the most important ones – the bosons! While the quarks and leptons are made by matter fields the bosons are made by force fields! The bosons tell the rest of the elementary particles how they can move or what they could do in general, and thus, help observe the four fundamental forces: Gravitational, Electromagnetic, as well as Strong and Weak Interactions! The quarks are born together through the gluon field The gluon boson acts as an exchange particle for the strong force between quarks The new-created sub-particle – the proton, now interacts with the electron through the electromagnetic field, because of the differences in particle charges Some phenomena may seem complex, but indeed is just a couple of particles playing the game for existence! This theory is what physicists call ‘The Standard Model of Particle Physics’ We are just fluctuations in the quantum fields! This was just a simple explanation of the ingredients of the Universe! We just scratched the surface But if you want more in-depth information, check the follow-up video on my channel! We live in exciting ages of discoveries and space exploration. We are honored to have an amazing opportunity to seek it through distant past and learn about the universe and even in a sense about ourselves, so don’t miss it! Subscribe to expand the reaches of your knowledge

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